Single-edged sword, spears & relics discovered at Iron Age graveyard
Archaeologists from the Institute of Archaeology at the University of Kraków have discovered spearheads, clasps for fastening clothes, a richly ornamented spindle, iron needles, and a single-edged sword whilst conducting excavations of a graveyard site in Bejsce, Poland.
Researchers believe the site may be associated with the Przeworsk culture, an Iron Age society that dates from the 3rd century BC to the 5th century AD from central and southern Poland.
The burials were discovered in a damaged state. They were located on farmlands near the village of Bejsce. Despite the disturbance caused by agricultural activity, the archaeological team found a perfectly preserved single-edged sword. This was due to the funerary practices of a cremation burial that protected the sword’s iron against progressive corrosion.
Among other military items found are spear-heads, which, according to contemporary accounts were the preferred weapons of the tribes inhabiting the areas on the Vistula River during the Iron Age. Archaeologists also discovered several women’s burials containing fibules (clasps used to fasten garments) and items relating to weaving, such as a richly ornamented spindle decorated with stripes.